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Alexander the Great Ancient Greece Aristotle Philosophy

The Story of Philosophy, 8

Aristotle and Greek science


Under Plato he studied eight—or twenty—years; and indeed the pervasive Platonism of Aristotle’s speculations, even of those most anti-Platonic, suggests the longer period. One would like to imagine these as very happy years: a brilliant pupil guided by an incomparable teacher, walking like Greek lovers in the gardens of philosophy. But they were both geniuses; and it is notorious that geniuses accord with one another as harmoniously as dynamite with fire. Almost half a century separated them; it was difficult for understanding to bridge the gap of years and cancel the incompatibility of souls.

On the same page Durant adds that Aristotle

was the first, after Euripides, to gather together a library; and the foundation of the principles of library classification was among his many contributions to scholarship. Therefore Plato spoke of Aristotle’s home as “the house of the reader, ” and seems to have meant the sincerest compliment; but some ancient gossip will have it that the Master intended a sly but vigorous dig at a certain book-wormishness in Aristotle.

After an unquoted paragraph Durant writes:

The other incidents of this Athenian period are still more problematical. Some biographers tell us that Aristotle founded a school of oratory to rival Isocrates; and that he had among his pupils in this school the wealthy Hermias, who was soon to become aristocrat of the city-state of Atarneus. After reaching this elevation Hermias invited Aristotle to his court; and in the year 344 b.c. he rewarded his teacher for past favours by bestowing upon him a sister (or a niece) in marriage. One might suspect this as a Greek gift; but the historians hasten to assure us that Aristotle, despite his genius, lived happily enough with his wife, and spoke of her most affectionately in his will. It was just a year later that Philip, King of Macedon, called Aristotle to the court at Pella to undertake the education of Alexander. It bespeaks the rising repute of our philosopher that the greatest monarch of the time, looking about for the greatest teacher, should single out Aristotle to be the tutor of the future master of the world.

You can imagine treating white women like barter today? But it was healthier than Western feminism.

Philip had no sympathy with the individualism that had fostered the art and intellect of Greece but had at the same time disintegrated her social order; in all these little capitals he saw not the exhilarating culture and the unsurpassable art, but the commercial corruption and the political chaos; he saw insatiable merchants and bankers absorbing the vital resources of the nation, incompetent politicians and clever orators misleading a busy populace into disastrous plots and wars, factions cleaving classes and classes congealing into castes: this, said Philip, was not a nation but only a welter of individuals—geniuses and slaves; he would bring the hand of order down upon this turmoil, and make all Greece stand up united and strong as the political centre and basis of the world. In his youth in Thebes he had learned the arts of military strategy and civil organization under the noble Epaminondas; and now, with courage as boundless as his ambition, he bettered the instruction. In 338 b.c. he defeated the Athenians at Chaeronea, and saw at last a Greece united, though with chains. And then, as he stood upon this victory, and planned how he and his son should master and unify the world, he fell under an assassin’s hand.

Durant ignored what I know about psychoclasses: different levels of childrearing from the point of view of empathy toward the child. It is disturbing to read, for example, that according to Plutarch, Olympias, Philip’s wife and the mother of Alexander, was a devout member of the orgiastic snake-worshiping cult of Dionysus. Plutarch even suggests that she slept with snakes in her bed. Although Oliver Stone’s film of Alexander is Hollywood, not a real biography, the first part of the film up to the assassination of Philip is not that bad as to provide an idea of the unhealthy relationship between Olympias and her son.

“For a while,” says Plutarch, “Alexander loved and cherished Aristotle no less than as if he had been his own father; saying that though he had received life from the one, the other had taught him the art of living.” (“Life,” says a fine Greek adage, “is the gift of nature; but beautiful living is the gift of wisdom.”)

But was it wisdom? The real ‘wisdom of the West’ only started with a politician like Hitler and, on the other side of the Atlantic, a white supremacist like Pierce. Ancient philosophers ignored the dangers involved in conquering non-white nations without the policy extermination or expulsion.

6 replies on “The Story of Philosophy, 8”

“Ancient philosophers ignored the dangers involved in conquering non-white nations without the policy extermination or expulsion.”
They ignored it because they lacked science. And how could they have it when science as we know it today lay over two thousand years in the future? They didn’t even have a theoretical framework for classifying animals according to species and race, let alone the concept of natural selection. Perhaps history would have been quite different if Darwin had propounded his theory a couple of millennia earlier. Yet Darwin himself didn’t come out of nowhere. He depended upon a long chain of predecessors. Ideas evolve like life forms.
That said, it behooves us to inquire why the policy of extermination or expulsion wasn’t usually adopted by our forebears. The answer is that a conquered populace was ordinarily looked upon by them as a valuable resource. Wantonly destroying it would have seemed like madness. For example, Julius Caesar’s conquests enslaved over a million people, many of them as white or whiter than their conquerors. In effect they were incorporated into the Empire; put to work in the service of Rome. Modern times are no different. Even NS Germany used slaves. Where ideology attempts to control technique it only makes for bad technique; it produces inefficiency and failure.

What do you mean? That even the Nazis would have succumbed to mestization?
Caesar was a monster who committed a Holocaust of Celts. Rome was actually in very bad shape even before Xtianity.
If the Jews had extermination as the policy of the conquered tribes, Aryans could have developed a similar ideology. Pierce wrote about that. Gold over race policy is a racial sin that whites have committed throughout history.

If you have work that needs to be done, and there is no one available to do it except a conquered populace, then you will use them to do the work as slaves. Obedience to technique, i.e., efficiency, forces this.
On the other hand, if your ideology dictates extermination or expulsion, and if you overrule technique, it just means that the work doesn’t get done. You are therefore materially poorer for practicing such bad technique. Because, in the struggle for survival, poor nations tend to fall victim to rich ones, that means that as a result of practicing bad technique, you in turn will likely be conquered. In this connection, you mention that the Jews had such a policy. But remember that Rome conquered them.
Survival depends on acquisition of resources and efficient utilization thereof, including labor. Technique itself recognizes as valid only the most efficient solution to a problem, and is heedless of human values such as ideology. The technological system is an artificial system that operates according to its own rules, and always seeks to replace natural distinctions such as race with artificial ones. That’s why its unrestrained growth is producing, and necessarily must produce, a dystopian nightmare.

Okay, but the point of my entry was more modest: simply claim that the Greek philosophers were not as wise as, say, Greg Johnson believes in his audio series on Plato, or Guillaume Durocher in his essays on Ancient Greece at The Occidental Observer.
And I still believe that Alexander screwed Greece big time (Aristotle should have known better).

Obviously, we don’t need them. Some generations ago there were families with even more than ten kids. If Aryans should be killing their enemies like crazy, their women should be laying eggs like crazy too.

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